We are pleased to inform you that Asia-Africa Science Platform Program (AASPP) is being undertaken at the Institute for Study of the Earth's Interior (ISEI), Okayama University at Misasa. The Program, sponsored by Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, has started in September 2005 and will continue until March 2008. The following is the overview of the Program and Subject Objectives.
This program is designed to create high potential research hubs in selected fields within the African region in our case, while fostering the next generation of leading researchers. It does this by establishing sustainable collaborative relations among core universities and research institutes in Japan and some African countries. Under the program, these "core institutions" will collaborate in research fields of special importance or significance to Africa and that is deemed to be of high priority within Japan.
Geochemistry of the Lake Nyos gas disaster, Cameroon Volcanic Line-Rift Valley volcanoes and the underlying mantle
In West and East Africa there exist a few volcanic crater lakes that contain a tremendous amount of dissolved carbon dioxide and other gases. At Lakes Nyos and Monoun (Cameroon) the catastrophic release of such gases resulted in gas disasters in mid-80s that claimed the lives of approximately 1800 people. These lakes are located along the Cameroon Volcanic Line (CVL). Lake Kivu along the Great Rift Valley at the border between Rwanda and D.R. Congo is also enriched in dissolved gases, and a gas explosion similar to that in Cameroon is feared. Carbon dioxide dissolved in these lakes is of magmatic origin. Mt. Cameroon, located in the middle of CVL, is an active volcano with several eruptions in the last 100 years. Magmatism in the Great Rift Valley is said to have common features with that of CVL from the geophysical/geochemical point of view. Magmas for these volcanoes are derived from partial melting of underlying mantle. During the program we try to deepen the geochemical understanding how magmatic gases reach the surface of the Earth and to understand magma genesis from the mantle through detailed chemical and isotopic analyses of selected samples, and to characterize the underlying mantle. These studies will be undertaken as the collaborative work between the institutions participating in the program.
Chief coordinator: Minoru Kusakabe, Professor of Geochemistry, Institute for Study of the Earth's Interior, Okayama University
Sub-Coordinators: Eizo Nakamura, Professor of Geochemistry, Institute for Study of the Earth's Interior, Okayama University
Hiroshi Satake, Professor of Geochemistry, Department of Environmental Sciences, Toyama University
Takeshi Ohba, Associate Professor of Geochemistry, Volcanic Fluid Research Center, Tokyo Institute of Technology.
Coordinator: Joseph V. Hell, Director, The Institute for Geological and Mining Research
Sub-Coordinators:Vincent Ngako, Head of Research, The Institute for Geological and Mining Research
Coordinator: Tarekegn Tadesse, Program Manager of Institutional University Cooperation Makelle University
Sub-Coordinators: Dessie Nedaw, Professor, Department of Applied Geology, Melelle University
Coordinator: Makenya Abraham Honoratus Maboko, Professor of Geology, University of Dar es Salaam
Sub-Coordinators: Dr. Crispin Kinabo, Professor of Geology, University of Dar es Salaam.
6-1 Coordinators' Meeting
The coordinators and sub-coordinators will meet at the Institute for Study of the EarthˇÕs Interior, Okayama University, Misasa, on 6-7 October 2006. The meeting is intended for all the participants to reach the common understanding of AASPP. Research plans for the Program and guidelines for exchanging young scientists will be discussed. Discussion will be extended how to sustain the collaboration after the support from the Japan Society of Promotion of Science has terminated.
6-3 Scientific Seminar
The scientific seminar devoted for this Program is currently scheduled on 27 February 2006 at Misasa, Japan. The subjects to be discussed will be naturally related to those planned in the collaboration scheme. Some young scientists from Cameroon, Ethiopia and Tanzania will attend the seminar. A student from Ghana may also attend. All geochemists working for the Institute for Study of the Earth's Interior, Okayama University will actively participate in the seminar, and some of them will present their achievement. Some Japanese geochemists in the related fields are also invited to the seminar. To deepen the understanding of the proposed research subjects, some experts from US and Europe working in the field of geochemistry close to the planned research subjects will be invited.
See "First Cicular" for detailed information of the seminar.
Institute for Study of the Earth's Interior, Okayama University (ISEI)
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS)
Professor Minoru Kusakabe
Institute for Study of the Earth's Interior, Okayama University
Misasa, Tottori-ken 682-0193, Japan
Tel: +81-858-43-3737(MK's office), 1215 (institute)
Fax: +81-858-43-3737, 3450